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 La percepción del tiempo de las personas Sordas. - S. Quiñones Araya

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MensajeTema: La percepción del tiempo de las personas Sordas. - S. Quiñones Araya   Lun Ene 07 2013, 11:22



En la web cultura-sorda encontramos esta reflexión. No es muy científica... y personalmente intuyo que el mundo también sigue ritmos visualmente perceptibles. Pero entre mi grupo de aprendices de lengua de signos y en general oyentes que frecuentábamos la asociación, era un comentario común "si un sordo te dice un momento, siéntate que van a ser 20 minutos"


La percepción del tiempo de las personas Sordas. Una pequeña justificación cultural para que un Sordo llegue tarde.
Sebastián Quiñones Araya. 2012

Me propuse escribir estas pequeñas recolecciones de información que pudieran explicar un poco un tema que me llamó bastante la atención en una conversación casual con una persona Sorda; es que esta persona justificaba de alguna manera que la frecuencia con la que llegaba tarde a todos lados podía ser explicada desde una perspectiva cultural e incluso biológica a partir de su percepción del tiempo como persona Sorda.

Estuve buscando y no encontré mayores informaciones sobre la percepción del tiempo de las personas Sordas, mas solo algunas reseñas acerca de esta conducta que es repetida en las personas Sordas. Recuerdo también en muchas ocasiones en que para alguna reunión o evento en el que algún Sordo debía llegar puntualmente y no lo hacía siempre me respondían con: "Tu conoces a los Sordos, siempre es así, es un asunto de la cultura Sorda", entonces yo pienso, ¿Qué tiene que ver la cultura como factor, para una falta que universalmente es considerada como precedente conductual? Bueno si una persona de otro país, una persona mapuche, una persona ciega o de otra cultura llega tarde tampoco podría justificarlo debido a que teniendo un reloj el tiempo y la puntualidad debería ser una norma transversal a cualquier cultura y a cualquier persona. Entonces ahí es cuando comencé a pensar en la respuesta de esta persona Sorda que justificaba sus retrasos con la cultura, y bueno su argumento me dejó pensando una respuesta un poco mas argumentada para entender a cabalidad el asunto y recuerdo particularmente que ella me comentaba que nosotros como personas oyentes teníamos el sentido de la audición que nos permitía oír las cosas y escuchar como cada cosa tiene tiempo y por tanto tener una percepción auditiva del tiempo. Ahora yo me pregunto, ¿el tiempo se escucha? o ¿el tiempo suena?



Para descargar desde la web cultura-sorda y leer el texto completo:

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MensajeTema: Percepción del tiempo sordos-oyentes   Mar Jul 29 2014, 18:51

Copio un extracto de Anna Mindess - Reading between the signs sobre esta percepción. Compara el concepto del tiempo y tardanza en los estadounidenses oyentes, los sordos y otras culturas. A partir de la página 50:
http://es.scribd.com/doc/118478653/Anna-Mindess-Reading-Between-the-Signs-Intercultural-Communication-for-Sign-Language-Interpreters-2nd-Edition



Time Orientation
Imagine that you are a businessperson and have just gotten off a plane after flying halfway around the world. You find yourself suffering from jet lag in a new country. You walk out into blinding morning sunlight, while every cell in your body begs you to find a nice dark bedroom and succumb to slumber. Instead, you stumble bleary-eyed into a busy bakery, hoping that some sweet pastry can convince your brain it is really morning. You search for a semblance of a line or a comforting red metal box that dispenses numbers. How will you know when it is your turn? The counter person seems to be helping several people at once. But as you stare at the confusion of milling bodies, you finally notice that somehow everyone eventually gets served. Glancing at your watch, you realize you must hurry to your important business meeting so as to arrive on time and not insult your host. Weary yet proud, you arrive on the stroke of the hour but are dismayed to find that nothing is set up and no one else has arrived. After what seems like an eternity, the meeting is finally convened. Trying to hide your irritation, you use up your last ounce of energy to focus on the agenda at hand— making plans for future business endeavors. Then, the last straw: all the other participants in the meeting insist on talking only about the past accomplishments of their company. Your eyes glaze over and you wonder, “What is wrong with these people?” Time, clearly, organizes our lives in many ways, and we can view these from a cultural perspective. We can look, for example, at the pace of a culture. If it has a comparatively slow pace, people will walk, talk, and eat slowly, unhurriedly relishing the moment. If, on the other hand, it is a fastpaced culture, its members will move and converse more quickly and may be spotted scarfing down their food, to their digestive detriment. This distinction is not only applicable to other countries, but may be observed in different regions of our own (e.g., New York City and Atlanta). Another way to compare time orientation is to study a culture’s degree of precision. Does the 2:03 train always arrive at 2:03? In Switzerland it does. When the plumber in Mexico says he will come to fix your drip “mañana,” does that mean he will assuredly be at your house tomorrow? Probably not.
 
What Is Late?
Attitudes about time include the definition of what is considered “late,” which also varies from culture to culture. One could characterize the stages of reaction to being late as follows: Stage 1: I am only a tiny bit late. No one will even notice, so I don’t have to comment on it. Stage 2: I am a little late so I will mumble a vague apology and let it drop, as it probably bothered no one. Stage 3: I am definitely late. I hope no one has been too inconvenienced. I will make a clear apology and explain the reasons for my tardiness. Possible Stage 4: This is awful! I am terribly late. I am sure everyone is angry with me. How can I ever make it up to them? I will put myself at their mercy and beg their forgiveness. In the United States we are at stage 1 from 0 to about 5 minutes, stage 2 from 5 to 10 minutes, and stage 3 from 10 to 15 minutes. After 15 minutes, there is an optional switch to stage 4 depending on the circumstances. In Germany, stage 1 is shorter, perhaps only until 2 minutes after the appointed time. Then all the stages get moved up accordingly. In Latin America and Arab countries, however, stage 1 may last as long as 20 minutes and stage 2 may last 45 minutes. Obviously, this is fertile ground for intercultural conflict. Americans seem to be particularly obsessed with time, viewing it as a commodity. We see it as something precious that we can save, waste, buy, spend, find, lose, make, pass, take, spare, run out of, and kill. Not every culture shares this perspective.
 
Deaf and Hearing Differences Related to Time
Many subcultures in the United States refer to their own variant of the accepted time system half-jokingly as Black People’s Time or Jewish Standard Time, and so on. But they are only half-joking, because there really are differences in behavior and attitude toward time in different cultures. This category would include DST, or Deaf Standard Time, as well. Perhaps all of these “standard time” references are only glorified excuses for being late. Or, to their credit, some subcultures may recognize that in their group punctuality is not always next to godliness. Besides arriving at events late, another element of Deaf time is staying late at gatherings such as parties. In Deaf-only parties, this behavior goes unremarked upon because it is expected. In a mixed party of Deaf and hearing, people often joke that the party really gets started after all the hearing people go home (early). If there is an event at a public location such as a theater, it often happens that the Deaf people in attendance must be shooed out at closing time, and they sometimes continue the conversation on the front steps outside the theater. At a restaurant, a group of Deaf patrons may be deep in conversation as the restaurant staff stacks the chairs upside down on the tables and turns off the lights. If Deaf people are involved in a discussion, cutting it off arbitrarily because the clock says it’s getting late is almost unheard of. These moments of face-to-face communication with fellow Deaf people are so precious that “there is minimal value placed on being ‘on time’ to the next appointment, getting home to sleep, or even finishing the immediate business at hand” (Smith 1996, 190). Although DST is often used as the reason that meetings start late, there are some instances where punctuality and even showing up early are common in order to get a good seat. This is linked to the importance of sight lines and having a good view of the signing. It may apply, therefore, to signed or interpreted plays or lectures.
 
There is also a cultural difference in timing between Deaf culture and hearing culture with regard to greetings and leave-taking. Hearing Americans practice a greeting ritual that precedes our getting to the point: “Hi.” “Hello.” “How are you?” “Fine thanks, and you?” “Not too bad.” And then on to the matter at hand. Hearing leave-taking is more abrupt: “Great party. Bye.” Deaf culture reverses the pacing of these two interactions. After the hello, they get right to the point without the warm-up and save the long ritual for leave-taking. At a party or other large event, hugs, good-byes, agreeing when to meet again, more hugs, a last bit of news, and so forth can easily continue for half an hour.
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La percepción del tiempo de las personas Sordas. - S. Quiñones Araya
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